Endod. 2004 Aug;30(8):572-6.
Microbiological evaluation of one- and two-visit endodontic treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis: a randomized, clinical trial.
Kvist T, Molander A, Dahlen G, Reit C.
Department of Endodontology, Faculty of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, Sweden. firstname.lastname@example.org
The antimicrobial efficacy of endodontic procedures performed in one-visit (including a 10-min intraappointment dressing with 5% iodine-potassium-iodide) was compared with a two-visit procedure (including an interappointment dressing with calcium-hydroxide paste). Teeth with apical periodontitis (n = 96) were randomly assigned to either group. Root canal sampling and culturing were performed before and immediately after instrumentation, and after medication. Initial sampling demonstrated the presence of microorganisms in 98% of the teeth. Postinstrumentation sampling showed reduction of cultivable microbiota. Antibacterial dressing further reduced the number of teeth with surviving microbes. In the postmedication samples, residual microorganisms were recovered in 29% of the one-visit teeth and in 36% of the two-visit treated teeth. No statistically significant differences between the groups were discerned. It was concluded that from a microbiological point of view, treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis performed in two appointments was not more effective than the investigated one-visit procedure.
PMID: 15273638 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]